Types of bullying
 
Types of bullying
 
Verbal bullying

Insulting, mocking, using nicknames, humiliating, or threatening a person; making racist, sexist or homophobic remarks, or sexual harassment, etc. Verbal bullying can be direct (e.g. calling your friend a “bitch” in front of her) or indirect (e.g. telling everyone the secrets a friend specifically asked you to keep private because it would be embarrassing).

 
Social bullying
Spreading rumours, ignoring or excluding someone, creating a situation aimed at ridiculing someone, breaking friendships, alienating someone, etc. Psychological bullying can be direct (e.g. shouting out “Ughh, it stinks around here…” every time you pass by your friend) or indirect (e.g. getting up and moving away whenever your friend comes near you or sits down next to you, as though they had a contagious disease).

 
Physical assault
Hitting, punching, kicking, pushing, spitting, stealing, damaging someone else’s things, shoving or getting in someone else’s personal space in a threatening way, etc.

 
Cyber-bullying
Harassing and bullying via email, cell phone, text message, Internet, social media, the creation of hateful Web pages, the distribution of compromising photos, etc. Cyber-bullying can be direct (e.g. writing direct threats and insults to the person) or indirect (e.g. spreading false rumours attacking a friend’s reputation anonymously or sending embarrassing messages in their name by hacking into their account or stealing their digital identity).

Cyber-bullying pitfalls 

• The person being bullied is not in front of you and you’re not seeing their reactions to your messages. This is dangerous in that you might take a more aggressive approach than if you were face to face with the person. Sitting behind your screen, you may think nothing can touch you. But in reality, you have to be very careful because some things stay on the Internet forever and are just as hurtful as spoken words.
• Messages can be sent and seen by dozens, hundreds, even thousands of people (e.g. the whole school) instantly and in an unlimited way.  
• Disparaging messages remain online even after the bullying has stopped, so the negative effects on the person being bullied are long term.
• Victims remain the bully’s target permanently (not just at school), because the insults are posted everywhere, 24/7. 
• Bullies can remain anonymous and never be confronted for their actions. However, the police now have ways of identifying aggressors and Internet service providers, while issuing media can block the reported accounts.

 
Taxing
Obliging someone, through threats, to hand over their money/possessions.

 
Sexual bullying
Making or obliging someone to behave in a sexual way (e.g. inappropriate touching of the breasts or genitals). This can extend to sexual harassment (e.g. continuously asking the person to do something they don’t want to do) and sexual assault (e.g. kissing someone forcefully, touching their genitals without their consent).

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