Get informed : Sexuality

STIS
 
Chlamydia
 
What is it?
•    Chlamydia is an infection caused by bacteria.

•    Chlamydia is one of the most widespread STIs in the world.

•    It can be present in the rectum, cervix, urethra or throat.

•    It can remain hidden (with no symptoms) for a long time. A majority of youths are infected without knowing it and are therefore at risk of transmitting the infection to their partners.

•    Sterility (inability to reproduce) is the main complication of this infection, if it goes untreated.

•    Chlamydia mainly affects young people aged 15 to 30.

 
Symptoms

•    In most cases, Chlamydia does not produce symptoms.

•    For some, symptoms may appear 5 to 10 days after sexual contact with the infected person, or symptoms may be intermittent (appear, disappear and then reappear).

•    Many people carry the infection without knowing it and can spread it because it is contagious.

•    Often people have Chlamydia and gonorrhea at the same time.

•    Here are some of the symptoms to look for
 in girls:
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Bleeding between periods and upon penetration
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Pain upon penetration
  • Fever
  • Frequent need to urinate
in guys:
  • Abnormal penis discharge
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Inflammation of the testicles

 
Diagnosis
A medical examination is required for diagnosis; secretions are subjected to a culture test.

 
How do you contract it?
•    Through unprotected vaginal, anal or oral (fellatio/cunnilingus) sex with an infected person

•    During childbirth, the mother can transmit the infection to the baby

•    You can get infected more than once
 
 
How do you treat it?
•    It can be treated with antibiotics prescribed by a physician.
•    The antibiotics must be taken as prescribed, right up to the last pill, even if the symptoms have disappeared.
•    Avoid unprotected sex during the treatment.
 
 
How do you prevent the infection from spreading?

•    Use a condom during vaginal or anal sex and use a condom or dental dam during oral sex.

•    Inform your sexual partners so that they can consult a physician even if they don’t have any symptoms.

 
How can you protect yourself?

•    Abstinence (not having sex)

•    Appropriate use of a condom during vaginal, anal or oral sex

•    Limit the number of partners you have

•    Find out about your partners’ sexual past (note: this is no guarantee!)

•    Undergo regular screening tests if you think you are at risk

•    Consult a physician if any of your partners have an STI
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