Get informed : Sexuality

STIS
 
Gonorrhea
 
What is it?
•    Gonorrhea is an infection caused by bacteria.

•    It can be present in the rectum, penis, cervix or throat.

•    It can remain hidden (with no symptoms) for several years. Many youths are infected without knowing it and are therefore at risk of transmitting the infection to their partners.

•    Sterility (inability to reproduce) is the main complication of this infection, if it goes untreated.

•    Gonorrhea mainly affects young people aged 15 to 30.

 
Symptoms

•    In most cases, gonorrhea does not produce symptoms.

•    For some people, the symptoms may appear 2 to 10 days after sexual contact with the infected person.

•    Many people carry the infection without knowing it and can spread it because it is contagious.

•    Often people have gonorrhoea and Chlamydia at the same time.

•    Here are some of the symptoms to look for
 in girls:
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Bleeding between periods and upon penetration
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Pain upon penetration
  • Anal discharge or itching, or pain upon passing stool
in guys:    
  • Abnormal penis discharge and pain
  • Painful testicles
  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Anal discharge or itching, or pain upon passing stool
  • Throat pain and inflammation

 
Diagnosis
A medical examination is required for diagnosis; secretions are subjected to a culture test.

 
How do you contract it?

•    Through unprotected vaginal, anal or oral (fellatio/cunnilingus) sex with an infected person

•    During childbirth, the mother can transmit the infection to the baby.

•    You can get infected more than once.

 
How do you treat it?

•    Until now it has been treated fairly easily with antibiotics prescribed by a physician.With time, certain strains have become resistant to treatment with known antibiotics. The most effective method is still prevention through the use of condoms or a dental dam.

•    The antibiotics must be taken as prescribed, right up to the last pill, even if the symptoms have disappeared.

•    Avoid unprotected sex during the treatment.

 
How do you prevent the infection from spreading?
•    Use a condom during vaginal or anal sex and use a condom or dental dam during oral sex.

•    Inform your sexual partners so that they can consult a physician even if they don’t have any symptoms.
 
 
How can you protect yourself?

•    Abstinence (not having sex)

•    Appropriate use of a condom or dental dam during vaginal, anal or oral sex

•    Limit your number of partners

•    Find out about your partners’ sexual past (note: this is no guarantee!)

•    Undergo regular screening tests if you think you are at risk

•    Consult a physician if any of your partners have an STI
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